Genetic engineering is the scientific process of altering an organism’s genetic information with rDNA

Genetic engineering is the scientific process of altering an organism’s genetic information with rDNA

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Genetic engineering is the scientific process of altering an organism’s genetic information with rDNA (recombinant DNA) technology. Specifically, an organism’s genetic makeup is manipulated to give the organism the desired phenotype. A phenotype is an organism’s type of observative characteristics or traits. This is significant in our world because scientists can now change how genomes are composed to eliminate diseases caused by a specific genetic mutation (Patra, 2015). Genetic engineering has widely impacted healthcare. Furthermore, genetic engineering is used to address medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and immunodeficiency. For parents, genetic counseling has become one of the first steps taken prior to conception. Genetic counseling of a fetus provides a chance to address any illness or diseases detected in advance.

Genetic engineering plays a significant role in agriculture too. Genetic engineered food is created when a scientist takes a gene from a specific plant or animal and inserts it into another. Some people may be more aware of the term (GMO), genetically modified organism. This type of genetic engineering allows scientists to accelerate the creation of new foods with desired traits (Medline plus, 2019). Other benefits of genetic engineering include better-tasting food, more nutritious food, an increase in the supply of foods with reduced cost and longer shelf life, medicinal foods that can be used as medicine or vaccines, faster-growing plants, and animals, etc. Many continue to be wary about how safe genetically engineered foods may be. However, it has been reported that “The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assesses all GE foods to make sure they are safe before allowing them to be sold” (Medline plus, 2019). Nevertheless, genetic engineering still has major room for advancement in all aspects of life.

References

Medline Plus. (2019). Genetically engineered foods: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Medlineplus.gov. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002432.htm (Links to an external site.)

Patra, S. (2015). Human, Social, and Environmental Impacts of Human Genetic Engineering. Journal of Biomedical Sciences, 04(02). https://doi.org/10.4172/2254-609x.100014

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Genetic engineering is the scientific process of altering an organism's genetic information with rDNA

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