For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature.
Studies have shown that the health benefits of physical exercise are far beyond weight management (BAUMAN, 2014). Regular physical exercise can help decrease the risk of several health problems and improve the overall quality of life. Physical exercise can help individuals prevent health complications such as heart disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes among others.
The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes is continually rising worldwide as people are adapting to sedentary lifestyles which means that there are low energy expenditure and high caloric intake. The number of cases reported is high in lower-income countries and developing countries.