PSY 645 Reply Tamika’s post Week 5 Evidence and Non-Evidence Based Treatment

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Topic: PSY 645 Reply Tamika’s post Week 5 Evidence and Non-Evidence Based Treatment

Details: Examine your colleague’s initial post, and assume the proposed evidence-based treatment was ineffective. Using a sociocultural perspective, provide an explanation for why the evidence-based treatment may have been ineffective in this case. Describe at least one non-evidence-based treatment option as an alternative to evidence-based treatment in this case. Compare and contrast the failed evidence-based treatment with the proposed non-evidence-based treatment option. Justify the use of the proposed non-evidence-based treatment option for this patient (i.e., How does this treatment option meet the patient’s unique socio-cultural needs?).
(PLEASE SEE TAMIKA’S POST BELOW)
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Tamika Hicks Post

Patient’s History

The information reveals that the patient by the name of Ivan S, is a U.S. soldier that served two tours in Iraq. However, after returning from Iraq to his Navajo Reservation in Arizona, Ivan started experiencing anger issues that resulted to him being aggressive towards his wife and children. Therefore, it can be seen that the problems of Ivan completely changed to more aggressive behavior following the second tour and his alcohol problem persisted. Hence, following various visits to the naval hospital and continued seeing a counselor, which revealed that he has been affected significantly, by the war.

Provisional Diagnosis

After serving two tours in Iraq, it can be viewed that the provisional diagnosis for Ivan was posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). According to Marmar (2009), individuals that are suffering from PTSD has a higher rate of alcohol, depression and drug abuse that results to adjustments in family issues or interpersonal violence. It is evident that majority of soldiers leaving deployment from Iraq usually suffer from anger issues and various mental health problems, substance use disorder and depression. For instance, Ivan was displaying a lot of aggressive behaviors that resulted to emotional experiences that are intense and unpredictable that aims at establishing a sense of control. Thus, to the case of former U.S. soldiers, it can be viewed that majority portray their anger as a way to expressing or releasing tension that is connected to emotions that are uncomfortable. Therefore, the provisional analysis that Ivan was experiencing was reveals that serving two wars in Iraq resulted to him having PTSD that resulted to anger management issues and him being aggressive towards his family and children.

Evidence-based Treatment

The most effective evidence practice that can assist in the treatment of Ivan’s provisional diagnosis of PTSD is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), which is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on trauma. Thus, CBT will entail an active treatment that involves engaging with the individuals to learn skills that will be applied to the symptoms. According to Forbes et al. (2019), there can be the use of exposure intervention that assists individuals to face and control their fears through exposing them to the experienced trauma in the context of a safer environment. Through this form of therapy will allow individuals such as Ivan suffering from PTSD are exposed to the trauma in a more appealing manner that will make him to be less sensitive.
Therefore, the evidence-based treatment of CBT is effective in treating former U.S. soldiers suffering from PTSD by offering individuals an effective means to overcoming their underlying mental problems. The method of treatment will be effective in the case of Ivan to assist in reducing his anger issues.

Reference
Forbes, D., Pedlar, D., Adler, A. B., Bennett, C., Bryant, R., Busuttil, W. & Wessely, S. (2019). Treatment of military-related post-traumatic stress disorder: challenges, innovations, and the way forward. International Review of Psychiatry, 31(1), 95-110.
Marmar, C. R. (2009). Mental health impact of Afghanistan and Iraq deployment: meeting the challenge of a new generation of veterans. Depression and Anxiety.

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