Topic: Case Study- Respiratory Disease

Details: ****PLEASE NOTE***** __ You must use the current Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the management and prevention of COPD (GOLD Criteria) to answer the classification of severity and treatment recommendation questions. The most current guideline may be found at the following web address: https://goldcopd.org/ (Links to an external site.). At the website, locate the current year’s CPG and download a personal copy for use. You may also use a medication administration reference such as Epocrates to provide medication names.

Purpose

The purpose of this assignment is to apply hypersensitivity pathophysiological concepts to explain assessment findings of a patient with respiratory disease. . Students will examine all aspects of the patient’s assessment including Chief Complaint (CC), History of Present Illness (HPI), Past Medical History (PMH), Family History (FH), Social History (SH), Review of Systems (ROS), and Medications and then answer the questions that follow on the provided Comprehensive Case Study template.

Activity Learning Outcomes

Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to:

Examine the case scenario and analyze the spirometry results to determine the most likely respiratory diagnosis. (CO1)
Explain the pathophysiology of respiratory disease. (CO1)
Differentiate between subjective and objective findings which support the chosen diagnosis. (CO4)
Apply evidence-based practice guidelines to classify the severity of the respiratory disorder and employ an appropriate treatment plan. (CO1, CO5)
Due Date: Sunday by 11:59 PM MT of Week 3
Total Points Possible: 100
Requirements:

Content Criteria:

Read the case study listed below.
Refer to the rubric for grading requirements.
Utilizing the Week 3 Case Study Template (Links to an external site.), provide your responses to the case study questions listed below.
You must use at least one scholarly reference to provide pathophysiology statements. For this class, use of the textbook for pathophysiology statements is acceptable. You may also use an appropriate evidence-based journal.
You must use the current Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the management and prevention of COPD (GOLD Criteria) to answer the classification of severity and treatment recommendation questions. The most current guideline may be found at the following web address: https://goldcopd.org/ (Links to an external site.). At the website, locate the current year’s CPG and download a personal copy for use. You may also use a medication administration reference such as Epocrates to provide medication names.
Proper APA format (in-text citations, reference page, spelling, English language, and grammar) must be used.
Case Study Scenario
Chief Complaint
A.C. is a 61-year old male with complaints of shortness of breath.

History of Present Illness

A.C. was seen in the emergency room 1 week ago for an acute onset of mid-sternal chest pain. The event was preceded by complaints of fatigue and increasing dyspnea for 3 months, for which he did not seek care. He was evaluated by cardiology and underwent a successful and uneventful angioplasty prior to discharge. Despite the intervention, the shortness of breath has not improved. Since starting cardiac rehabilitation, he feels that his breathlessness is worse. The cardiologist has requested that you, his primary care provider, evaluate him for further work-up. Prior to today, his last visit with your practice was 3 years ago when he was seen for acute bronchitis and smoking cessation counseling.

Past Medical History

Hypertension
Hyperlipidemia
Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
Smoker
Family History
Father deceased of acute coronary syndrome at age 65
Mother deceased of breast cancer at age 58.
One sister, alive, who is a 5-year breast cancer survivor.
One son and one daughter with no significant medical history.
Social History
35 pack-year smoking history; he has cut down to one cigarette at bedtime following his cardiac intervention.
Denies alcohol or recreational drug use
Real estate agent
Allergies
No Known Drug Allergies
Medications
Rosuvastatin 20 mg once daily by mouth
Carvedilol 25 mg twice daily by mouth
Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg once daily by mouth
Aspirin 81mg daily by mouth
Review of Systems
Constitutional: Denies fever, chills or weight loss. + Fatigue.
HEENT: Denies nasal congestion, rhinorrhea or sore throat.
Chest: + dyspnea with exertion. Denies productive cough or wheezing. + Dry, nonproductive cough in the AM.
Heart: Denies chest pain, chest pressure or palpitations.
Lymph: Denies lymph node swelling.
General Physical Exam
Constitutional: Alert and oriented male in no apparent distress.
Vital Signs: BP-120/84, T-97.9 F, P-62, RR-22, SaO2: 93%
Wt. 180 lbs., Ht. 5’9″
HEART
Eyes: Pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation, normal conjunctiva.
Ears: Tympanic membranes intact.
Nose: Bilateral nasal turbinates without redness or swelling. Nares patent.
Mouth: Oropharynx clear. No mouth lesions. Dentures well-fitting. Oral mucous membranes dry.
Neck/Lymph Nodes
Neck supple without JVD.
No lymphadenopathy, masses or carotid bruits.
Lungs
Bilateral breath sounds clear throughout lung fields. + Bilaterally wheezes noted with forced exhalation along with a prolonged expiratory phase. No intercostal retractions.
Heart
S1 and S2 regular rate and rhythm, no rubs or murmurs.
Integumentary System
Skin cool, pale, and dry. Nail beds pink without clubbing.
Chest X-Ray
Lungs are hyper-inflated bilaterally with a flattened diaphragm. No effusions or infiltrates.
Spirometry
Predicted Pre-bronchodilator % Predicted Post-bronchodilator % Predicted Change
FVC (L)

5.64

5.23

93

5.77

102

9%

FEV1 (L)

4.57

2.92

64

3.01

66

2%

FEV1/FVC (%)

81

56

69

52

64

-5%

TLC

5.5

6.9

125

6.9

125

0%

Case Study Questions

Pathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease

Are the spirometry results consistent with obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease? What is the most likely pulmonary diagnosis for this patient?
Explain the pathophysiology associated with the chosen pulmonary disease.
Identify at least three subjective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.
Identify at least three objective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.
Management of the Disease

*Utilize the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support your treatment recommendations.

Classify the patient’s disease severity. Is this considered stable or unstable?
Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended medication classes for the treatment of this condition and provide an example (drug name) for each.
Describe the mechanism of action for each of the medication classes identified above.
Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended non-pharmacological treatment options for this patient.
Category Points % Description
Pathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease

45

45%

The student:

Identifies the correct spirometry pattern and likely diagnosis.
Explains the pathophysiology associated with the chosen disorder.
Supports the pathophysiology statement with at least one appropriate, scholarly reference (textbook is acceptable for pathophysiology statements only).
Identifies at least three subjective findings from the case.
Identifies at least three objective findings from the case.
(5 Required Elements)

Management of the Disease

45

45%

The student:

Utilizes the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support the chosen treatment recommendations.
Correctly classifies the disease severity and states whether or not the disease is stable or unstable.
Identifies two (2)“Evidence A” recommendedmedicationclassesfor the treatment of the condition and provides an example (drug name) for each.
Identifies two (2) “Evidence A” recommended non-pharmacological treatment options for the condition.
(4 Required Elements)

90

90%

Total CONTENT Points= 90 pts

Assignment Format

Category

Points

%

Description

Organization, spelling, grammar & APA format

10

10%

The student:

Uses the week 3case study template for case study responses.
Provides correct in-text citations for responses that match the reference page.
Has minimal spelling, grammar & APA format errors.

100

100%

Total FORMAT Points= 10 pts

ASSIGNMENT TOTAL=100 points

Rubric
Week 3 Respiratory Case Study
Week 3 Respiratory Case Study
Criteria Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomePathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease
The student:

– Identifies the correct spirometry pattern and likely diagnosis.

– Explains the pathophysiology associated with the chosen disorder.

– Supports the pathophysiology statement with at least one appropriate, scholarly reference (textbook is acceptable for pathophysiology statements only).

 

– Identifies at least three subjective findings from the case.

– Identifies at least three objective findings from the case.

(5 Required Elements)
45 pts
All 5 required elements are present.
41 pts
1 required element is missing.
37 pts
2 required elements are missing
23 pts
3-4 required elements are missing.
0 pts
All 5 required elements are missing.
45 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeManagement of the Disease
The student:

– Utilizes the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support the chosen treatment recommendations.

– Correctly classifies the disease severity and states whether or not the disease is stable or unstable.

– Identifies two (2) “Evidence A” recommended medication classes for the treatment of the condition and provides an example (drug name) for each.

– Identifies two (2) “Evidence A” recommended non-pharmacological treatment options for the condition.

(4 Required Elements)
45 pts
All 4 elements are present
41 pts
1 required element is missing
37 pts
2 required elements are missing
23 pts
3 required elements are missing
0 pts
All 4 required elements are missing
45 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOrganization, spelling, grammar & APA format
The student:

Uses the week 3 case study template for case study responses.

Provides correct in-text citations for responses that match the reference page.

Has minimal spelling, grammar & APA format errors.
10 pts
Case study template is used for responses AND In-text citations are correct which match the reference page AND There are 0-2 errors in spelling, grammar or APA format.
9 pts
Case study template is used for responses AND In-text citations are correct which match the reference page AND There are 3-5 errors in spelling, grammar or APA format.
8 pts
Case study template is used for responses AND In-text citations are correct which match the reference page AND There are 6-8 errors in spelling, grammar or APA format.
5 pts
Case study template is not used for responses OR In-text citations are incorrect or do not match the reference page AND There are 0-5 errors in spelling, grammar or APA format.
0 pts
Case study template is not used for responses AND/OR In-text citations are incorrect or do not match the reference page AND There are 6 or more errors in spelling, grammar or APA format.
10 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLate penalty deductions
Students are expected to submit assignments by the time they are due. Assignments submitted after the due date and time will receive a deduction of 10% of the total points possible for that assignment for each day the assignment is late. Assignments will be accepted, with penalty as described, up to a maximum of three days late, after which point a zero will be recorded for the assignment. Quizzes and discussions are not considered assignments and are not part of the late assignment policy.
0 pts
Manual Deductions
0 pts
Manual Deductions
0 pts
Total Points: 100

Week-3-Template (1)

 

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Explain the pathophysiology of respiratory disease.

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