What are some valid economic justifications for mergers?
According to Stahl (2006), a merger or acquisition promises to create synergy. Statistics show that the benefits that look so good on paper often need to materialize. The failure of an M&A is frequently blamed on a clash of cultures between merging companies, which led to significant integration problems and undermined the deal’s success. For example, an internal study conducted by Siebel Systems (recently acquired by Oracle) revealed that all company acquisitions had failed because of “cultural conflicts.” In other cases, deals had fallen through before they were sealed because the culture of the two companies was vastly different. When the proposed merger between Monsanto and American Home Products was called off in 1998, the deal’s failure was attributed to conflicting management styles and the fact that the two CEOs could not agree on a power-sharing arrangement. A Wall Street Journal article concluded: “Another drug industry mega-merger goes bust: Clash of cultures kills Monsanto-AHP marriage”(p. 3).
APA Format, 725 words