What insights did your colleague include that you had not considered?

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Topic: PSY 630 Reply to Julie’s post Week 5 Risks, Benefits and Diagnosis

Details: What was the substance of your colleague’s argument? Do you agree with this argument? Why, or why not? To what extent did your colleague consider the ethical dimension to this risk-benefit calculation when prescribing drugs for children who are too young to be of the age of legal consent? Whether you agree or disagree with the conclusion, was the ethical aspect dealt with in a responsible manner? What insights did your colleague include that you had not considered? What might you suggest he or she consider which was not already included? Please use your research to support your assertions. (See Julie’s POST BELOW)
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Reply to colleague Julie Williams Post
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental diagnosis given to children. It has been such a common diagnosis for children that there have been many conflicts on whether or not it is a valid and reliable diagnoses for the number of children that has received it (Advokat, Comaty, & Julien, 2018). Children are usually diagnosed with ADHD under the age of 12, although there are some that are diagnosed later into adolescence years.
According to Advokat, Comaty, & Julien (2018) multiple children around ages three years old to six years old have been diagnoses with ADHD only to have that diagnoses changed about seven years later to that of anxiety or possibly Autism. When this occurs not only has the child been misdiagnosed but around 12% of them had no behavioral issues or disorders at all. Children who suffer from ADHD and not medicated and are considered to not be reliable. They are more likely to quit school, be impulsive, be very distractible, have no self-regulation or self-control. They are also more likely to shun contraceptives and become parent’s earlier than their peers at around at rate of 32% (ADHD and ADD, 2009).
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is treated by both benzodiazepines and stimulants. Ritalin is one of the most common drugs to treat ADHD and falls into the stimulant category. Being a stimulant, one would think that Ritalin would put the child at risk for addiction or dependency, however, as it is used to treat a child with ADHD the addiction risk is decreased. Because ADHD is an ongoing disorder, medication must be administered throughout the day as the half life is shorter due to the immediate release of the medication. ADHD is an ongoing disorder that disrupts the child’s entire life, not just the school environment (Week 5 Lecture). If the first stimulant doesn’t seem to work then it’s best to try another one, possibly two; by doing so there is a 90% chance that the correct medication and dosage will be found by this process.
ADHD impairs the frontal lobe of the brain and causes abnormalities in the dopamine neurotransmitter system (Week 5 Lecture). The white matter volume that is found in the frontal, temporal, and cerebral brain areas depends on the amount of systems of ADHD that are present within the patient at the time. The more effective the medication, the less the white matter present.

ADHD and ADD. (2009, March 8). ADHD – To medicate or not? (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
Minimize Video [Video file]. Retrieved fromhttp://youtu.be/V724jfgabKE (Links to an external site.)

Advokat, C. D., Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2018). Julien’s primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (14th ed.). Retrieved from https://vitalsource.com (Links to an external site.)

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What insights did your colleague include that you had not considered

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What insights did your colleague include that you had not considered? was last modified: by