Home health nursing can implement primary prevention
The setting selected is home health nursing. Home health nurses offer in-home health care services for patients and families. They frequently visit the patients to help them remain comfortable in their homes and to help the caregivers to stay informed about the health and wellness of their loved ones (Fikar & Hirsch, 2017). Home health nurses ought to maintain flexibility and work around the schedules of their patients, appointments by healthcare providers, and even the weather.
Home health nurses work under physician’s supervision, coordinating and managing patients’ care plans at home. Other roles include assessing patients, measuring vital signs, and ensuring the patient has a comprehensive understanding of their medication and how to take them. Home health nurses equally offer treatment such as dressing changes, wound care, changing catheters, and administering IV medications (Fikar & Hirsch, 2017). Also, these nurses assess the home environment of the patient to identify any needed accommodations or changes to meet the patient’s health needs. Home health nursing maybe needs by persons of any age due to chronic conditions such as cystic fibrosis, congestive heart failure, and disabilities (Landers et al., 2016).
Home health nursing can implement primary prevention, that is, prevention of disease or injury before its onset, by assessing the patient’s home environment and living conditions to ensure safety, e.g. ensuring the patient has an escape plan in case of fire, smoke detectors, and enough ventilation to prevent respiratorily, and clear walking paths to prevent falls (Nies & McEwen, 2019). Nurses also assess the patient’s meals to ensure they are nutrition-rich to prevent diet-related diseases such as obesity, underweight, diabetes, etc.
Fikar, C., & Hirsch, P. (2017). Home health care routing and scheduling: A review. Computers & Operations Research, 77, 86-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2016.07.019
Landers, S., Madigan, E., Leff, B., Rosati, R. J., McCann, B. A., Hornbake, R., … & Lee, T. (2016). The future of home health care: a strategic framework for optimizing value. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 28(4), 262-278. https://doi.org/10.1177/1084822316666368
Nies, M. A., & McEwen, M. (2019). Community/Public health nursing: Promoting the health of populations (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier.
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