Similarities and differences between Chinese and American culture.


Compare the similarities and differences related to the five topics below: (total 2400 words)

1. Time orientation (400 words)
The perception of time varies among cultures. For example, some cultures operate on actual clock time while others are event-centered.

Brislin, R. W., & Kim, E. S. (2003). Cultural diversity in people’s understanding and uses of time. Applied Psychology: An International Review52(3), 363–382.

– Macduff, I. (2006). Your pace or mine? Culture, time, and negotiation. Negotiation Journal, 22(1), 31–45.

Lewis, R. (2014, June 01). How Different Cultures Understand Time. Retrieved March 22, 2018, from

Pant, B. (2016, May 23). Different Cultures See Deadlines Differently. Retrieved March 22, 2018, from

2. Communication (500 words)
Cultural differences exist in how people communicate with each other. You may be familiar with lexicons (what people call themselves and others), pragmatics (how language is used and understood), verbal and non-verbal communication styles.


Cinnirella, M., & Green, B. (2007). Does ‘cyber-conformity’ vary cross-culturally? Exploring the effect of culture and communication medium on social conformity.

Briley, D. A., Morris, M. W., & Simonson, I. (2005). Cultural chameleons: Biculturals, conformity motives, and decision making. Journal of Consumer Psychology15(4), 351–362.

Hallenbeck, J. L. (2004). Communication across cultures. Journal of Palliative Medicine7(3), 477–480.

Kaplan, S., & Cunningham, C. (2010). Eight quick tips for improving global cross-cultural communications. Diversity Factor18(2), 33–38.

Rhee, S., Chang, J., & Rhee, J. (2003). Acculturation, communication patterns, and self-esteem among Asian and Caucasian American adolescents.

3. Physical and mental health (500 words)
Such as definitions of good mental health and poor mental health, or behaviours that is considered normal in one culture but would be considered abnormal in the other culture.


World Health Organization. (2011). Mental health. Retrieved from

The Handbook of Culture and Psychology
Chapter 14, “Abnormal Psychology and Culture”
Chapter 15, “Clinical Psychology and Culture”

Sue, S. (2002). Asian American mental health: What we know and what we don’t know. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.), Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (Unit 3, Chapter 4). Retrieved from

Herrman, H, Saxena, S., & Moodie, R. (Eds.). (2005). Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice. Retrieved from

  1. Group relationships(500 words)
    The meaning and value placed on conformity, cooperation and group relationships differs between collectivistic and individualistic cultures, which impact how individuals respond to situations and function within a group setting.


    The Handbook of Culture and Psychology. Chapter 18, “Cross-Cultural Studies of Social Influence”

Briley, D. A., Morris, M. W., & Simonson, I. (2005). Cultural chameleons: Biculturals, conformity motives, and decision making. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 15(4), 351–362.

Nibler, R., & Harris, K. L. (2003). The effects of culture and cohesiveness on intragroup conflict and effectiveness. The Journal of Social Psychology, 143(5), 613–631.

  1. Perceptions and measures of intelligence(500 words)
    Different cultures conceptualize and measure components of intelligence in various ways. Some cultures value a person’s ability to quickly process and respond to information. Other cultures may value one’s ability to consult with members of the same culture who have more life experience in order to solve problems.


The Handbook of Culture and Psychology. Chapter 8, “Everyday Cognition: Where Culture, Psychology, and Education Come Together”

Smith, M. K. (2008). Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences. Retrieved from

Tsethlikai, M. (2011). An exploratory analysis of American Indian children’s cultural engagement, fluid cognitive skills, and standardized verbal IQ scores. Developmental Psychology47(1), 192–202.

In the last paragraph, explain any biases that may influence your analysis of these cultures and explain why. (100 words)

  • Please use at least 10 references in APA style.
  • Please support your responses using the Resources and the current literature.
  • Please use plagiarism check.






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Solution Preview

Time Orientation

Time is a valuable concept, but it is viewed differently in the cross-cultural settings which define the kind of behaviours people will develop while dealing with the issue. People, therefore, end up having different views and ways of managing time or even reacting to events depending on their background of origin. Americans have specific values surrounding time orientation which are mainly focused on the past, present and the future. They believe that the future is controlled by the way they manage time in the present which can either be built or destroyed depending on the kind of strategies taken (Lewis, 2014).  Time in the American culture is money and perishable to the extent that it is such a big loss to waste it. People are controlled by the amount of time they have on a certain activity which ensures that they can be productive (Li, 2008). Planning for the future is an important aspect to these people as they can have ways of dealing with problems that might occur ahead of their time. People who waste time and have no plans for the future are referred to as lazy.

(2,982 words)

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