Those are 3 directions to respond. Avoid plagiarism.

Those are 3 directions to respond. Avoid plagiarism.

1. Chapter 10 discusses idealism, the claim that nothing exists but our minds and their ideas. Many people find this a difficult theory to grasp, let alone accept. Watch the video below about idealism; it succinctly explains the theory as well as objections to it. Then, explain your understanding of idealism and your response to it. Do you accept idealism? Why or why not? If you don’t accept it, how do you refute it?

George Berkley’s Idealism. YouTube video file. [8:58]. Philosophy Vibe.. 2016, April 24.

2. The film The Matrix is in large part based on Descartes’ Meditations, specifically the Evil Genius argument, and Plato’s allegory of the cave (video below). In The Matrix, one character, Cypher, wants to return to the matrix (a computer simulated reality), knowing full well that nothing he experiences there will be ‘real’ (see Agent Smith and Cypher video below). In thinking of how you value your experiences, specifically, what you value about them, is one criterion for assigning value related to whether or not an experience is real? Does it matter to you if something ‘really’ happened? Or, if you experience it as real, is that all that matters? If, at the end of your life, you were to find out that all of it had been a computer simulation, would that change the way you value the ‘experiences’ you had? Explain why or why not.

The Cave: An Adaption of Plato’s Allegory in Clay. YouTube video file. [3:10]. bullheadent. 2008, April 18.

Agent Smith and Cypher. YouTube Video file. [1:11]. pumasheen. 2006, Dec 12.

3. State your understanding of Descartes’ dream argument and his Evil Demon/Genius argument. Exactly how do you know that you are not dreaming right now? Given the strength of the Evil Demon argument, how do you think one can escape the skepticism it seems to entail? What do you think we can know with absolute certainty? Defend your response with reasons and examples.

This is unit lectures






Solution Preview

Idealism Knowledge and Scepticism


             Idealism is a sequence of mental ideas based on the nonexistence of the physical world in the perception of mental ideas. This is explained using indirect realism method which highlights parts of reality existing in the mind and not in the physical world, because if properties exist in a physical form then they will be consistent all the time but the properties are mind-set hence existing as mental ideas. The principle of likeness is further used to support idealism, the principle states that perceptions only come from an individual’s own ideas of reality and not the direct reality hence direct perception of ideas can be nothing but an idea. This results in a drive from the external physical material and the master argument is used to defend the claims.

(889 words)


Open chat
Contact us here via WhatsApp